After international pressure and threats of sanctions, South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir signed a peace deal with the rebels. The rebel leader, Riek Machar, signed the agreement last week. Machar had previously been the vice president, before a conflict with Kiir in 2013 erupted into a violent rebellion. If all goes well, the agreement will lead to the establishment of a unified transitional government in which Machar will be included and returned to his previous office. President Kiir said he felt that the peace deal was flawed and had been imposed on him. If the agreement is honored, it will put an end to over 20 months of violence and allow the people displaced by the war to return to their homes. It will also allow more relief to reach those suffering from severe food shortages.